The Northern Ireland protocol is a critical part of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union. We explain why the protocol is important and how it will impact Northern Ireland.
Introducing the Northern Ireland Protocol
The Northern Ireland Protocol is an international law that was ratified in Belfast, UK. It introduces a new regulatory regime for the movement of goods between Northern Ireland and Great Britain in the event of Brexit. The purpose of the Protocol is to prevent a hard border on the island of Ireland and to protect the Good Friday Agreement. The Protocol will come into force on 1 January 2021 and will remain in place until 31 December 2025.
Why the Protocol is essential to maintain peace in Northern Ireland
The Protocol, also known as the Belfast Agreement, was signed in 1998 and put into effect in 1999.
It is an international treaty that ended decades of violence in Northern Ireland. The agreement was reached between the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, as well as the political parties in Northern Ireland. The Protocol has four main goals: -To maintain the territorial integrity of the United Kingdom -To ensure that there is no physical border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland -To guarantee the right of the people of Northern Ireland to self-determination -To promote economic cooperation between the two countries
The benefits of the Protocol for both the UK and Ireland
There are many benefits of the Protocol for both the UK and Ireland. For the UK, it means that they can avoid a hard border with Ireland, which would be hugely disruptive. It also allows them to keep Northern Ireland aligned with the rest of the UK on customs and regulations, which is important for trade and businesses. For Ireland, it means that they can maintain their close relationship with the UK, while also avoiding a hard border. It also opens up opportunities for closer cooperation between the two countries in areas like security and environmental protection.
How the Protocol has been successful so far
It is now six months since the UK and the EU agreed the Northern Ireland Protocol, which has been in place since 1 January 2021. The Protocol aims to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland and to protect the Good Friday Agreement. It does this by keeping Northern Ireland in the UK’s customs territory, but applying EU customs rules to goods entering Northern Ireland from Great Britain. So far, the Protocol has been successful in achieving its aims.
There have been no major disruptions to trade or travel between Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the border between the two remains open. There have been some challenges, however, such as delays to goods entering Northern Ireland from Great Britain, and confusion over which rules apply to which goods. Overall, though, the Protocol has been successful in its first six months and is proving to be an important part of the UK’s relationship with the EU post-Brexit.